Millersville University, Faculty Senate
Faculty Senate Minutes
January 20, 2004
The Faculty Senate Ad Hoc Honor Code Committee Recommendation
Development of an Academic Honor Code at Millersville
The Faculty Senate Ad Hoc Honor Code Committee (HCC) was created in late
spring 2000 with the charge of determining the feasibility and
advisability of introducing an academic honor code system at Millersville
University (MU). An initial report of the findings was presented to
faculty senate in spring 2002, and included a recommendation for the
development of an MU honor code and its associated policy elements. The
present document is a modification of that original report and addresses
expressed senate concern on issues of overlap with the Student Code of
Conduct, potential conflicts with APSCUF recommendations on faculty
freedom in the classroom, and the severity of sanctions for violations of
the honor system.
Since its initiation, the HCC has encouraged the campus to consider how
the university community might best address academic integrity. Toward
this end, the HCC has conducted a faculty forum on options toward academic
integrity, surveyed both students and faculty, and organized a convocation
centered around issues of academic integrity. Using the feedback from
these initiatives, and the existent literature and resources on college
academic integrity, the HCC finds:
A. The introduction of a new academic honor system to an
already-existing institution of higher education is feasible, and would be
feasible at Millersville University. Elements of honor systems have
been successfully introduced to a number of schools in recent years,
including University of Maryland at College Park, University of Tennessee,
University of Georgia, University of Minnesota, and Kansas State
University.1 Kansas State, like many other colleges, supports their newly
instituted honor code system with a well-developed web site which allows
students and faculty to quickly and easily access all information related
to the program online. The success of this program may be partially
assessed by viewing the extensive web site (http://www.ksu.edu/honor/).
We believe an honor system would work for MU. However, institution of such
a program should not be taken lightly and needs substantial support and
commitment from the faculty, administration, and students. The HCC
believes, given adequate campus commitment, resources, and training, the
MU community could effectively develop and institute an honor system.
B. The implementation of an academic honor code system at MU is
advisable. Specifically, the HCC recommends development of an honor
code system which has the following key elements:
HCC supports an academic honor system either with or without required
student reporting of observed violations of the honor code. The committee
believes that a system which is representative of the majority of opinions
of faculty members on required student reporting will best serve the
interests of the university. The committee therefore leaves it to the
university community to determine whether student reporting should be
optional or required.
- required signing of the MU Honor Pledge upon admission to the
university and/or at new student
- signing of an academic honesty statement on submitted course work
at the option of the course
- a judiciary composed of both students and faculty for adjudication
of alleged student dishonesty, and
- the creation of an Academic Honor Council, consisting of both
students and faculty, which would among other things promote a culture of
academic integrity on campus through education, motivational programs, and
a system of sanctions for violations of academic honesty.
Full details of the proposed program are outlined in the attached
Proposed Millersville University Honor System Constitution and
By-Laws. These recommended elements of the proposed academic
honor system are subject to faculty discussion and approval. It is
essential that MU develop the system which best reflects the ideals of the
faculty and students. Revision of these recommendations may be in order
to best meet the needs of the university community.
The HCC believes that the benefits of an honor code system would be
substantial and sustained for the following reasons:
- Significantly fewer cases of cheating are believed to occur on
campuses with honor codes2,3, probably because of the
culture of mutual trust and respect that develops between faculty and
students4,5, and the clarification of expectations and
definitions of cheating behaviors. It therefore becomes less easy for the
student to rationalize cheating behaviors3.
- Greater consistency in addressing cases of academic dishonesty is
likely to occur.
- Students commonly take considerable pride in their code schools,
and find a sense of prestige in having attended such an institution.
- Having served on the student judiciary often advances career
opportunities for students.
- Honor code schools are highly respected by the local community,
academia, and potential employers. Such prestige may be attractive to
high-achieving prospective students.
- Moral norms are more likely to operate within an honor code
structure3. Furthermore, learned values may be carried away
with students when they leave the university.
- The greater discussion and awareness of the value of academic
integrity promoted by the honor system supports key elements of General
Education Objective 16: Personal, Ethical, and Civic Values and
- The academic honor code system is consistent with that part of the
university mission statement designed to "foster the examination,
development and understanding of personal values and appreciation of
values of others." The honor code system embodies MU community values and
provides a means to foster them in our students.
Key to the success of any campus integrity program is the promotion of a
culture of academic integrity which clearly and frequently communicates
the value of and requirements for achieving academic honesty. This
culture is promoted by 1) establishing clear guidelines toward academic
integrity with frequent encouragement to know the rules, 2) providing an
atmosphere which inspires students to value and practice academic honesty,
3) initiating open university dialog on honesty issues, 4) encouraging
high student involvement in the integrity program, and 5) carefully
monitoring dishonesty and taking offenses very seriously.6 Recognizing
this need, the HCC recommends establishment of an MU Honor Council. This
committee would function to oversee the honor system, promote education on
academic integrity, and develop and maintain the culture of academic
integrity that is so integral to the success of integrity programs.
This document has outlined the ingredients the HCC believes will lead to a
successful academic integrity program at MU. These include the use of
honor pledges, clear guidelines on how to achieve academic honesty, an
active student role in the educational function of the Honor Council, and
strong sanctions for violations of the honor code. Given the needed
resources and campus commitment, the HCC is confident the proposed MU
honor system can truly enhance the educational experience of our students.
1D. McCabe and G. Pavela. 2000. Some Good News about
Academic Integrity. Change. September/October: 32-38.
2Bowers, W.J. 1964. Student dishonesty and its control in
college. New York Bureau of Applied Social Research, Columbia University.
3McCabe, D.L., and Trevino, L.K. 1993. Academic dishonesty:
Honor codes and other contextual influences. Journal of Higher Education.
4McCabe, D.L. and Drinan, P.F. 1999. Toward a culture of
academic integrity. The Chronicle of Higher Education. 46(8,Oct. 15):B7.
5Lowry, J.D. 1996. Communities of trust: A recent
graduate's experience with honor codes. Journal of College Science
Teaching 26(1): 6.
6McCabe, D.L., Trevino, L.K., and Butterfield K.D. 1999.
Academic integrity in honor code and non-honor code environments. The
Journal of Higher Education. 70(2): 211-234.
Past and Present Honor Code Committee Members
Charles Baker, Student
Eric Blazer, Business
Jane Bray, School of Education
Jill Craven, English
Brandon Danz, Student
Jessica George, Library
Carol Heintzelman, Social Work
Sandra Hoffman, Elem. & Early Childhood Education
John McLarnon, History
Jennifer Miller, Philosophy
James Mone, Biology
Elba Rohena, Special Education
Jane Rudden, Elem. & Early Childhood Education
Carol Phillips, Academic Affairs
Kathleen Schreiber, Geography, Chair
Proposed Millersville University Academic Honor System
ARTICLE I. PURPOSE AND ROLE OF THE ACADEMIC HONOR SYSTEM AND ACADEMIC
ARTICLE II. HONOR COUNCIL MEMBERSHIP
- The Academic Honor System is designed to promote an environment of
academic honesty at Millersville University by 1) educating the academic
community on the value of academic integrity, and means by which it may be
achieved, and 2) providing timely adjudication for alleged violations of
the honor code.
- The Honor Code and Pledge are designed to reaffirm and foster the
value of integrity within the community. Upon acceptance to the
university, all students shall sign the following:
The University is an academic community dedicated to the pursuit of
knowledge in a supportive academic climate of mutual respect, integrity,
and high ethical standards. To this end, the Millersville University
Honor Code is designed to promote an environment of ethical conduct, the
foundation of which includes the pursuit of academic honesty and
integrity. Through an atmosphere of mutual respect we enhance the value of
our education and strive for the highest standard of academic excellence.
Members of the University community, including students, faculty, staff,
administrators and trustees, must not commit any misrepresentation or
deception in academic or professional matters.
As an incoming student to Millersville University of Pennsylvania, I
pledge to support the university in its efforts to maintain an academic
community founded in honesty and integrity. As such, I understand and
agree to abide by the Academic Honesty Policy as defined in the
Academic Integrity at Millersville University brochure, as well as
the principles of the Millersville Honor Code, in all my academic
- The Honor Statement provides further reinforcement of the values
of the Millersville University Community. Teaching faculty may require
the following signed statement on student assignments, papers, and/or
On my honor, I have neither plagiarized in any form, nor
given or received unauthorized aid in this academic work.
The Honor Statement is implied for all academic work whether or not the
instructor requires the written statement on the work.
- Violations of the Academic Honor Code include plagiarism, fabrication,
cheating, and/or academic misconduct as defined in the Academic
Integrity at Millersville University brochure and in the schedule of
sanctions in the By-Laws of this document.
- The MU Academic Honor Council is responsible for overseeing the MU
Academic Honor System; coordinating and conducting hearings with the
Associate Provost for Academic Programs and Services; and providing
counsel and support to faculty reporting, and students charged with,
academic integrity violations. The Academic Honor Council is also
responsible for developing/coordinating educational activities on campus
related to academic integrity, and for appointing judicial members to the
- The MU Academic Honor Court, with the Associate Provost for Academic
Programs and Services, adjudicates alleged student violations of the
Academic Honor Code, and imposes sanctions in appropriate cases. The
Academic Honor Court consists of student and faculty Academic Honor
Council members who are appointed by the Academic Honor Council Chair at
the time of each hearing. The composition of the Academic Honor Court may
change from case to case.
- Academic dishonesty and plagiarism by faculty is specifically
prohibited under Section 5 of the MU Governance Manual. The Collective
Bargaining Agreement between APSCUF and the State System of Higher
Education prohibits alleged cases of faculty academic dishonesty from
being adjudicated by faculty and students. Allegations of faculty academic
dishonesty shall be handled consistent with the Collective Bargaining
Agreement between APSCUF and the State System of Higher Education.
- The Student Honor Education and Activities Council (SHEAC) consists
of the student members of the Academic Honor Council, and other interested
students, who carry out campus educational activities on academic
- . The Academic Honor Council includes two faculty members from each of
the three schools: Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, and Science
and Mathematics; and one non-school faculty member. The Academic Honor
Council also includes at least eight student members. A chair oversees
the operation of the Academic Honor Council, and 3 student counselors
coordinate administrative, educational, and administrative functions.
- Selection of Student Members
- Student nominees must have completed 24 semester hours at Millersville
University, be in good academic standing and be enrolled with a minimum of
6 credit hours.
- At the start of each academic year, students interested in serving on
the honor council apply for membership to the Student Senate.
- Student Senate elects 8 - 12 Honor Council members and forwards the
names to the Honor Council.
- Selection of Faculty Members
- Faculty members are elected in the faculty senate elections at the
start of the academic year.
- Selection of Chair and Vice Chair
- The Chair is elected by majority vote from among the faculty
membership of Academic Honor Council at the start of the academic year in
which the former Chair's position ends.
- The Vice Chair is elected by majority vote from among the faculty
membership of Academic Honor Council at the start of the academic year in
which the former vice chair's position ends.
- Selection of Student Counselors
- Student Counselors are elected by majority vote from among the
student membership of the Academic Honor Code Committee at the start of
the academic year in which the former counselor's positions ends.
ARTICLE III. ACADEMIC HONOR COURT MEMBERSHIP
ARTICLE IV. RESPONSIBILITIES OF ACADEMIC HONOR COUNCIL MEMBERS
- Two faculty and three student members of the Academic Honor
Council are appointed by the Academic Honor Council Chair to the Academic
Honor Court for each alleged violation that is tried.
- The Associate Provost for Academic Programs and Services shall preside
ARTICLE V. RESPONSIBILITIES OF SPECIAL DUTIES COUNSELOR POSITIONS
- Attend scheduled meetings of the Academic Honor Council.
- Serve in one of the student, special-duties positions, as called:
Community Education Counselor, Administrative Counselor, Hearings
- Teach and advance the MU Honor System.
- Advise faculty and students reporting/charged with academic
- Serve as judging members on the Honor Court.
- Participate in a training process that is coordinated by the
Academic Honor Council chair.
- The COMMUNITY EDUCATION COUNSELOR is responsible for developing
educational programs that encourage academic integrity at Millersville
University, and educating the Millersville community about the Honor Code.
- The ADMINISTRATIVE COUNSELOR is responsible for compiling annual
statistics on cases and hearings related to the Honor Code at Millersville
- The HEARINGS COUNSELOR is responsible for coordinating and
scheduling hearings on alleged violations of the Honor Code.
ARTICLE VI. RESPONSIBILITIES OF OFFICERS OF THE ACADEMIC HONOR COUNCIL
- Schedule and preside over meetings of the Academic Honor Council.
- Receive alleged violations of the Academic Honor System.
- Select members of Academic Honor Court as necessary for hearings.
- Review Academic Honor System policies and report annually to the
- Serve as an ex-officio member of the Academic Honor Council.
- Develop and conduct a training program for members of the Academic
Honor Council, and the incoming Chair.
- Supervise the various activities of the Academic Honor Council.
- Perform the duties of the Chair when the Chair is unable to do so.
- Maintain the records of all Academic Honor Council proceedings.
- Preside over hearings.
- Record findings of the hearing and appeal panels.
ARTICLE VII. ACADEMIC HONOR COUNCIL TERM OF OFFICE
- Members' terms are two years. Initial appointments are divided
equally between one-year and two-year terms.
- Members' terms begin at the start of the fall semester and end at
the beginning of the fall semester of the final year of their appointment.
- If a member resigns or is removed from office, a replacement
appointment for the remaining portion of the member's term shall be made
by the student senate or faculty senate, as appropriate.
- Removal from Academic Honor Council
- A member of the Academic Honor Council may be removed from office
by 2/3 vote of the Academic Honor Council for reasons of misconduct,
failure to perform duties, or improper execution of duties.
- The Academic Honor Council Chair may be removed from office by
action of the Associate Provost for Academic Programs and Services for
reasons of misconduct, failure to perform duties, or improper execution of
ARTICLE VIII. CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS
- Constitutional amendments may be recommended by any member of the
faculty or student body at Millersville University.
- All amendments must be approved by 3/4 vote of the entire Academic
Honor Council body.
- All amendments are subject to approval by Faculty Senate and
ARTICLE IX. BY-LAW REVISIONS
- By-Law revisions must be approved by a 2/3 vote of the entire
Academic Honor Council body.
ARTICLE I. RESPONSIBILITIES
To administer the Millersville University Academic Honor System.
ARTICLE II. REPORTING AND PRELIMINARY ACTIONS
- Any student or staff member who witnesses a violation is
encouraged to report the violation directly to the instructor of the class
in which it was observed. The student reporter may choose to remain
anonymous, and is not required to confront the alleged violator. The
student witness is encouraged but not required to testify before the Honor
Court. Student reports of observed violations of academic dishonesty shall
not proceed to hearing unless evidence of the violation exists beyond the
observation of the student. This evidence may include copies of exams,
papers, or other assignments.
- After observation or report of an alleged violation, the class
instructor chooses whether to handle the matter according to the
procedures of the traditional MU Academic Honesty Policy or the MU
Academic Honor System Policy. Those faculty members electing the
traditional honesty policy should obtain and follow the procedures in the
instructor's version of Academic Honesty and Dishonesty at Millersville
University. The following procedures outline the MU Academic Honor
System Policy. Regardless of the system chosen, the instructor is
encouraged to fill out an academic honesty violation form, if only for
record-keeping purposes. Faculty members choosing the honor system policy
may still elect to choose the sanction, given approval of the Academic
- A reasonable effort should be made by the course instructor to inform
the alleged violator of the allegation to allow the alleged violator the
opportunity to self report the incident. A student is considered notified
if a reasonable effort has been made to contact the student.
- Every effort should be made by the course instructor to meet with
the alleged violator to discuss the allegation. The meeting should occur
within 5 school days of the report or faculty observation of the alleged
violation. During this meeting the following events shall occur:
- The alleged violator shall be informed of the nature of the
- The alleged violator shall be presented with any evidence of the
- The alleged violator shall be given the opportunity to explain the
circumstances surrounding the alleged violation.
- The alleged violator shall be informed of her/his right to contest
the allegation in the Academic Honor Court should the instructor choose to
report the incident to the Academic Honor Council.
- The alleged violator must be informed of the availability of an
Academic Honor Council advisor to answer procedural questions relating to
the allegations, honor court process, possible sanctions, and mechanisms
for appeal. The advisor shall appear with, but shall not defend, the
student in Academic Honor Court.
- An academic honesty violation form shall be completed at the
instructor/student meeting describing the allegation, the evidence
supporting the allegation, the instructor-recommended sanction(s) to be
applied (if any), and any other information deemed relevant by the course
instructor or Honor Council member. If further action is warranted, the
instructors shall check the 'further action warranted' box. The form shall
be signed by both the instructor or Honor Council member, and the alleged
violator, and submitted to the Honor Council Chair within 5 school days of
- An instructor may, after meeting with the alleged violator, decide
that no further action is warranted. This decision may be based on lack of
evidence or other circumstances which arise during the meeting with the
alleged violator. In this case, the instructor shall check the 'no further
action warranted' box on the violation form, and provide a reason for the
decision. The form is then submitted to the Honor Council Chair within 5
school days of the meeting. No further action shall result.
ARTICLE III. INVESTIGATION
- The collection of evidence to support an allegation of academic
dishonesty shall be the responsibility of the course instructor, who may
request the assistance of the Honor Council.
- The evidence shall consist of more than the allegation itself, and
may contain copies of exams, reports or other relevant materials. Faculty
observation of student cheating is considered relevant evidence.
ARTICLE IV. THE ACADEMIC HONOR COURT
- Meetings of the Academic Honor Court
- The Academic Honor Court shall first meet within 30 calendar days
after student notification of a suspected academic honesty violation to
hear the charge of academic dishonesty and make a determination of whether
a breach of academic honesty has occurred. First meeting within 15
calendar days is expected when possible.
- All members of the Academic Honor Court must be present when
considering charges and sanctions. If a member cannot be present, a proxy
must be designated by the Chair of the Academic Honor Council. This proxy
shall be selected from the list of active Academic Honor Council members.
- The Academic Honor Court, selected by the Chair of the Academic
Honor Council, shall be composed of two voting faculty members and three
voting student members of the Honor Council.
- The Associate Provost for Academic Programs and Services shall
form the sixth non-voting member of the honor court, and shall preside
over the hearing.
- Procedures of the Academic Honor Court
- If the student, having been properly notified, fails to appear at the
hearing, the Academic Honor Court chooses whether to proceed in the
- The investigators of a case may not serve on the Academic Honor
Court for that same case.
- Both the alleged violator and the instructor of the class in which
the alleged violation occurred are expected to attend the hearing.
Applicable student reporter(s) may attend the hearing, or, if choosing not
to attend, may submit an anonymous written statement detailing evidence of
- The charge and associated facts of the case shall be considered by
the Academic Honor Court, but the honor hearing is not a trial and
therefore does not require formal rules of evidence associated with civil
or criminal trial. The Associate Provost for Academic Programs and
Services shall accept all evidence and testimony, whether submitted by
faculty, staff, or students, which reasonably appears to hold probative
value in the conduct of the Honor Court's affairs. Character references
shall not be allowed as part of the proceedings. The review of facts shall
- The alleged violator has the right to examine the evidence and
- Only members of the Academic Honor Court shall question
participants and/or witnesses.
- The accused student may decline to answer questions and shall not
be penalized for not answering those questions.
- If a student accused of a breach of academic honesty chooses to
present an explanation for her/his actions, he/she must present this
defense alone; the student may use optional counsel only in an advisory
- The evidence considered and a final vote regarding conviction by
the Academic Honor Court shall focus on whether a breach of academic
honesty occurred and the seriousness of the act.
- A majority vote among the members of the Honor Court shall be
required to reach a decision on the guilt of the alleged violator.
The Associate Provost for Academic Programs and Services shall inform the
Honor Council Chair in writing of the final decision. The Academic Honor
Council Chair shall then notify the alleged violator, instructor, and
student reporter of the decision in writing.
- If a breach of academic honesty arises during the summer, that
case shall be tabled until hearings resume in the fall.
- The alleged violator has a right to notification of the decision
of the Academic Honor Council no later than 5 school days after the end of
- Honor Court Records
- The results of the hearing are recorded and kept as part of the
- All records are confidential and subject to the provisions of the
Family Rights and Privacy Act.
ARTICLE V. SANCTIONS
- Only the Academic Honor Council can authorize and apply sanctions.
If charges of academic dishonesty are upheld by the Academic Honor
Council, a sanction must be applied.
- In the interest of consistency and fairness, the Honor Council should
follow the sanctions outlined in Article V. Section 3. However, if a
course instructor believes that the sanction outlined in Article V,
Section 3 is inappropriate, the course instructor may, upon providing
compelling reasons, ask the Honor Council to impose an alternative
sanction. The Honor Council must honor this request, or provide a
compelling justification for any alternative sanction.
- Schedule of Sanctions for Violations of Academic Honesty
- Class 1. The most serious breaches of academic honesty fall into
this category, as well as any and all second or more offenses of any sort.
Sanctions: 1) XF grade and suspension, or 2) XF grade and disciplinary
probation. The XF grade indicates that a student has failed a course due
to academic dishonesty. Examples of violations include, but are not
- cheating on a test where premeditation and/or conspiracy of effort
can be shown,
- taking a test for someone else, or permitting someone else to
take a test or course in one's place,
- plagiarizing, where the majority of the submitted work was written
or created by another,
- obtaining or sharing all or part of an unadministered exam,
- acquiring another's course paper and resubmitting it as one's own
work, whether altered or not, and
- changing, altering, or being an accessory to changing and/or
altering a grade in a grade book, on a test, on a "Change of Grade" form,
or other official academic University record which relates to grades.
- B. Class 2. These include other serious offenses for which strong
sanctions are applied. Sanctions: 1) grade of F in the course and
disciplinary probation. Examples of violations include, but are not
- collaborating during a test with another person by receiving or
providing information without the permission of the instructor
- plagiarizing, where part of the submitted work was written or
created by another,
- failing to mention others who helped in the preparation of
submitted work ,
- allowing another to submit one's work,
- giving or taking unauthorized aid in a take home exam or paper,
- falsifying or altering laboratory data or lab reports, or copying
- inventing data or other information for research or other academic
- using the course textbook, or other material such as notebook that
is unauthorized for use during a test,
- using or possessing specifically prepared materials during a test
(e.g., notes, formula lists, formulas programmed into calculators, notes
written on the student's clothing or person, etc.) that are unauthorized,
- altering returned and graded assignments or tests, and
resubmitting for another grade, and
- cheating on or copying from an exam in which premeditation cannot
- Class 3. These are significant offenses for which the sanction is
a grade of F on the submitted assignment and disciplinary probation.
Examples of violations include, but are not limited to:
- submitting work for a class that was already submitted for
another, when unauthorized,
- citing information from an incorrect source, or failing to cite
- listing sources in a bibliography that were not used in the paper,
- copying, or allowing one to copy, homework assignments that are to
be submitted for credit.
- Class 4. These are offenses in which a party assists another to
cheat, but the assisting party is not enrolled in the course in which the
offense has occurred. Sanctions may not thus be applied within the course.
The sanction includes a verbal and written reprimand and completion of at
least one of the following: a term of service to the MU Academic Honor
Council, a written paper exploring the ethics and consequences of academic
dishonesty, and/or an independent study on the ethics and consequences of
academic dishonesty. Examples of violations include but are not limited
- allowing another to submit or copy from your previously submitted
- failing to report observed instances of academic dishonesty (if
student reporting is required).
- All second offenses of any type of academic dishonesty shall be
sanctioned with either 1) a grade of XF in the course and suspension, or
2) a grade of XF in the course and expulsion. If the second offense is a
Class 4 offense, the sanction shall consist of either suspension or
- XF Grade Policy
- If the Academic Honor Court sanctions a student with a course
grade of XF, and this sanction is not appealed by the student, the
Academic Honor Council Chair notifies the Registrar to place a grade of XF
for the applicable course on the student's academic record.
- Student appeals of the XF grade follow the procedure for all other
appeals of academic dishonesty sanctions, as outlined in Article VI of the
By-Laws. If the Appeals Board denies the right to another hearing, or
another hearing is granted and the Honor Court decides to uphold the XF
grade sanction, the Academic Honor Council Chair notifies the Registrar to
assign the XF grade to the student's academic record. If another hearing
is granted and the Academic Honor Court finds there was no violation of
academic dishonesty, or assigns a different sanction, the Academic Honor
Council Chair notifies the Registrar to remove the academic hold on the
student's academic record.
- If grades are due but an academic dishonesty hearing is still in
progress, a grade of 'I' shall be applied to the course until the hearing
process is complete.
- An XF grade shall maintain a quality point value of 0.0.
- The XF must stay permanent on the transcript for at least two
- After two years, a student may petition the Honor Council to
exchange the XF for an F. The petition must be in written form and provide
the reason for removal of the XF. Additionally, the petitioner must appear
before the Honor Council to explain the request. If the student petitions
and a majority of the Honor Council agrees to remove the XF, the Honor
Council outlines conditions under which the XF is removed. The conditions
may include serving on the Honor Council, serving in SHEAC, giving
testimony of dishonesty during freshman orientation or other organized
Honor Council events, and/or performing specific tasks aimed at increasing
the education of the violator and/or campus on the value of academic
integrity. When these conditions are met, the XF is removed entirely from
the transcript, leaving no past evidence of the XF. A grade of F is
recorded in its place.
- If a petition to change an XF grade to an F has been made and
denied, another petition may not be made for another 4 years.
- If the student is/has been found guilty of an additional violation
of academic honesty, either in the past or future, the XF remains. For
cases where the XF was changed to an F and the student is later found
guilty of an additional act of academic dishonesty, the XF grade is
restored for the course. In these cases, the XF remains permanent. The
student may not petition for an F in exchange for the XF in these cases.
- A student who has received an XF in a course and needs to pass the
course for a requirement may retake the course. If the student passes the
course, the requirement is met, but the course grade shall remain as an
ARTICLE VI. APPEALS
- Filing an Appeal
- A student has the right to appeal the verdict and/or sanctions
imposed during the initial hearing of the Academic Honor Court on any of
the following three grounds.
- A student may file one appeal based on availability of substantial new
evidence. Substantial new evidence is defined as substantial
evidence unavailable at the time of the initial hearing that is now
available and has a direct bearing on the verdict. An appeal based on
substantial new evidence must be filed within three months from the date
of the Academic Honor Court's initial decision.
- A student may file one appeal based on sufficient good cause.
Sufficient good cause is defined as infringement on the rights of
the accused student because of any irregularities in the conduct of the
hearing process. Irregularities occur when the Academic Honor Court fails
to abide by the established procedures as detailed in this document. An
appeal based on sufficient good cause must be filed within 10 school days
of the initial decision of the Academic Honor Court.
- The student may file one appeal of the sanctions on the grounds of
disproportionate severity of the sanction. Disproportionate severity of
a sanction refers to the excessive severity of a particular sanction
compared to the severity of the act for which it was applied. An appeal
based on disproportionate severity must be filed within 10 school days of
the initial decision of the Academic Honor Court.
- Appeal requests must be submitted in writing to the Chair of the
Academic Honor Council. The written request must clearly state the
grounds for appeal, and fully describe the new evidence, irregularities
that occurred in the initial hearing of the Academic Honor Court, and/or
reason supporting disproportionate severity of the sanction. This written
request shall serve as the primary basis for granting or denying a request
for a new hearing.
- The student may appeal on up to three grounds, but generally all the
grounds shall be considered together in one hearing. An exception to this
policy shall be granted in the case that substantial new evidence becomes
available after the appeal hearing is finished, but before the end of the
three month period following the date of the Academic Honor Court's
- The Appeals Board and Appeals Process
- Upon receipt of a written appeal, the Academic Honor Council Chair
shall empanel a separate six-member Appeals Board. The Appeals Board
shall consist of three student members, two faculty members, and a
non-voting chair selected from the Honor Council. The chair may be either
a student or faculty member.
- The Appeals Board shall hold a hearing and either grant or deny
appeal requests within 30 school days of receiving a written appeal.
- The Appeals Board shall review the appeal request, transcripts
from the initial hearing, and may request additional written statements
from any parties involved in the initial hearing.
- If the Appeals Board grants an appeal of the initial Honor Court's
verdict, the entire investigation/hearing process shall be repeated, and
the case shall be assigned to a new Academic Honor Court panel.
- If the Appeals Board grants an appeal of the sanctions imposed by
the initial Academic Honor Court, the appeals board is empowered to impose
sanctions in accordance with Article V. Section 3.
ARTICLE VII. CONFLICT OF INTEREST
- Members of the Academic Honor Council shall immediately notify the
Chair of the Honor Council of any conflicts of interest.
* The MU Honor Code Committee would like to acknowledge and thank both
Kansas State University and the New Jersey Institute of Technology for the
permitted use of many ideas from their honor code constitutions in the
development of this document.
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